Deep Dives
Thought-provoking research providing extensive learning opportunities

A sustainable ocean economy in 2030: Opportunities and challenges

The Economist Group, World Ocean Initiative Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

Drawing on the latest data and in-depth interviews with leading experts in government, business, finance and conservation, this report provides valuable insights for all stakeholders working to achieve a sustainable ocean economy.

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A Sustainable Ocean Economy for 2050: Approximating Its Benefits and Costs

Manaswita Konar and Helen Ding Secretariat of the High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy, World Resources Institute Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

The ocean faces urgent environmental challenges, but taking action to protect oceanbased ecosystems and ensuring the environmental sustainability of ocean-based activities will help deliver a whole host of benefits to society. The key question is how these benefits compare to the costs of action.

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What Role for Ocean-Based Renewable Energy and Deep-Seabed Minerals in a Sustainable Future?

Peter M. Haugan and Lisa A. Levin Energy Solutions

This paper examines how and to what degree energy from the ocean can contribute to the climate agenda and achieving SDG 7 (Affordable and Clean Energy), including identifying new solutions and their potential impact, as well as addressing related safety and environmental concerns.

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PODCAST/WEBINAR: Seeing the Ocean as a Solution, Not a Victim

Nicholas Walton Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

The ocean has great potential to become a solution, but only if there's the political will to build a strong ocean economy. 

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Waste and  Opportunity 2020: Searching for corporate leadership

Conrad MacKerron, KellyMcBee, & David Shugar Plastics & Pollution

This study measures the progress of 50 large companies in the beverage, quick-service restaurant, consumer packaged goods, and retail sectors on six core pillars where swift action is needed to reduce plastic pollution.

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Deep-sea mining: An environmental solution or impending catastrophe?

Elizabeth Claire Alberts Energy Solutions Plastics & Pollution

Deep-sea mining has not yet begun anywhere in the world, but many companies are already prospecting the seabed for nodules and other forms of minerals to assess their size, composition, distribution, and economic value.

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Business for Ocean Sustainability

One Ocean Foundation Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

The ocean matters and has widespread implications beyond the ocean itself.

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‘We Need to Protect the Ocean Before it’s Too Late’

Gitika Bhardwaj and Karen Sack

President and CEO of Ocean Unite, Karen Sack, speaks to Gitika Bhardwaj about why the first global treaty to protect the world’s ocean is urgently needed.

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The Business Case for Marine Protection and Conservation

Friends of Ocean Action Impact Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

Friends of Ocean Action Impact Report: The Business Case for Marine Protection and Conservation

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The A-Z of the Energy Transition: Knowns and Unknowns

World Economic Forum Energy Solutions

In collaboration with the Global Future Council on Energy 2019-2020

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Increasing finance for a healthy ocean

The Friends of Ocean Action Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

The Ocean Finance Handbook, is a guide to support an increase in finance flowing towards the sustainable blue economy. The Handbook provides a key resource to enhance understanding of finance for a healthy ocean and generate conversations between financial institutions and marine-based businesses, conservation professionals and ocean project managers.

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Sailing on Solar: Could green ammonia decarbonise international shipping?

Nick Ash & Tim Scarbrough, Environmental Defense Fund Energy Solutions Shipping & Ports

Green ammonia is a technically feasible solution for decarbonising international shipping. 

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UN body adopts climate change strategy for shipping

International Maritime Organization Shipping & Ports

Nations meeting at the United Nations International Maritime Organization (IMO) in London have adopted an initial strategy on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from ships, setting out a vision to reduce GHG emissions from international shipping and phase them out, as soon as possible in this century. 

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Ecosystem services approach for community-based ecotourism: towards an equitable and sustainable blue economy

Anna (Anya) Phelan

This paper examines the role of community-based ecotourism within the developing market dynamics of the blue economy. 

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A Path to Creating the First Generation of High Seas Protected Areas

Pew Research Center Tourism

Science-based method highlights 10 sites that would help safeguard biodiversity beyond national waters

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Banking on Climate Change: Fossil Fuel Finance Report 2020

Rainforest Action Network

For the banks highlighted in this report, the last year has brought a groundswell of activism demanding banks cut their fossil fuel financing, at the same time that increasingly extreme weather events have further underscored the urgency of the climate crisis. 

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LA’s “Blue Economy” Represents a Major Jobs, Wage and Tax Revenue Driver

LAEDC and Altasea Shipping & Ports

Conservative estimates indicate that the value of the blue economy will double over the next decade, with a projected global value of $3 trillion by 2030.

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A high biodiversity mitigates the impact of ocean acidification on hard-bottom ecosystems

Eugenio Rastelli, Bruna Petani, Cinzia Corinaldesi, Antonio Dell’Anno, Marco Lo Martire, Carlo Cerrano & Roberto Danovaro

Given the climate change scenarios predicted for the future, we conclude that biodiversity conservation of hard-bottom ecosystems is fundamental also for mitigating the impacts of ocean acidification.

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Ammonia: zero-carbon fertiliser, fuel and energy store

The Royal Society Energy Solutions Shipping & Ports

Ammonia is a suitable fuel for transport modes where large amounts of energy are required for extended periods of time and where batteries or direct electrical connection are not practical or cost effective. Examples include heavy good vehicles, trains, aviation and shipping.

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Investors and the Blue Economy

Credit Suisse and Responsible Investor

In addition to being the largest natural carbon sink on the planet, our ocean is a tremendous source of economic livelihoods for billions of people. The value of global ocean assets is estimated at over US$24 trillion -- making it the seventh largest economy in the world in GDP terms. 

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